parts of a lesson plan

Parts of a Lesson Plan 5 elements in Lesson Planning

Parts of a Lesson Plan are narrowed down to five (5) essential elements; although, everyone has their own lesson plan format that they use or feel comfortable with, and that’s great! It is important to ensure that all lesson plans include five elements to ensure a successful learning experience.

These five are linking prior knowledge, engaging and educating, active learning, reflecting, and extending learning.

What do these elements include? We present 5 Parts of Lesson Plans:

Linking prior knowledge: This should be the first part of your lesson. This is where teachers can activate prior knowledge and make connections with students’ previous learned material. Examples of activities include KWL (know, want to know, learned) charts, graphic organizer, short video clip, a brief discussion, etc. Any activity that will help your students remember something they already learned or know will help ease the learning environment and help them feel comfortable learning something new.

Engaging and educating: This is the part of the lesson where the teacher introduces new information. Modeling, direct instruction, and concrete examples are essential. The teacher can do a whole group lesson in this section and engage all learners.

Active learning: In this part of the lesson, students are actively engaged in an activity the teacher has planned. It is important for students to work in groups or pairs so the activity is engaging and interactive. Games, role playing, writing with partners are some examples of activities that would be meaningful for this part of the lesson.

Reflecting: This is a key element in the lesson as students have the opportunity to think about what they have learned and either write or share orally what they have learned. Examples of reflecting activities include a quick write, think-pair-share, or a brief conversation with a partner.

Extending learning: It is always important to take the learning outside of the classroom. This part of the lesson provides students with the opportunity to see how their learning applies to the real world. This is also where teachers can link new knowledge with future learning. Examples include having students practice their new learning with someone at home or writing about how their learning can apply to other situations.

Lesson planning is key to a successful learning experience for all students. When these five elements are included in a lesson, the lesson flows and students are able to make connections to previous knowledge and future learning.

If you already use a lesson plan format, these five elements may already be embedded. If not, just add them to your lesson. When in doubt, take lessons in cloud computing and digitally organize your lesson plans and make them available to your students.

These five elements are sure to make you continue to develop your lesson plan skills, so that your lessons more engaging!

Ann Navarro

About Ann Navarro

Ann has teaching experience working with elementary students in the areas of bilingual education, dual language, English as a Second Language, and Reading. Ann holds a Masters Degree in Curriculum & Instruction with a Reading Specialist Concentration. She also has experience evaluating lesson plans for the Smithsonian Institution. In her spare time, Ann enjoys spending time with her family outdoors and reading.

Top Posts | Lesson Plans & Activities

Swim4Sadna Is Truly an Inspiring Journey

This story of one Jewish mother’s courageous mission to help others is indeed inspiring. It is about British-born Vivienne Glaser’s decision to help a special education center in need of money and resources. She decided that it was time to give something back to a school which has alrea ... ...

Building Better Reading Habits

There are some things that never go out of style or become obsolete, and one of these things is reading. Needless to say, reading is not only a practical part of life but also a means to escape the pressures we encounter on a daily basis.The medium we use for reading may have evolved over the years ...

Is Your K-6 Child Struggling with Science?

Searching for an innovative but fun method to maintain your child's attention for science? Luckily, science has the potential to become one of the most involved subjects, depending on how it is taught. If your child is struggling to enjoy science in school, you can try a few fun projects at hom ... ...
Schools Experiment with Tech Blend

Schools Experiment with Tech Blend

The Grant Beacon School has adopted a new teaching procedure. Children studying there get to spend a lot of time in a blended learning scenario. They are used Chromebooks to access digital curricula and are also offered traditional education that requires them to work face to face with teachers ...

Fun & Easy Valentine Crafts for Kids

With Valentine's Day quickly approaching, many teachers will be on the look out for crafts their students can make to celebrate the holiday. Unfortunately for teachers, holidays can also mean room parties, unfocused students, and the pressure to send cute and creative gifts home with students. ... ...

An Inspiring Youth Rises from Orem

The youth is the future. That’s definitely true. And it is only right to educate the young people properly and encourage them to learn new things; and that is what this inspiring young lad from Orem tried to point out.He is not your average 15-year old for he is a rising specialist in compute ... ...

Homework Bar and Lounge is Raising the Bar

The only thing constant in the world is change. Everything seems to be changing in all facets of life; how we worship, communicate, socialize and think. School and education has certainly not been left behind with people finding new and revolutionary ways students can learn in school.There is a new ...