English Language Education in Morocco: The Standard-Based Approach

English language education at secondary schools in Morocco adopted a standard-based approach in accordance with the guideline of teaching English as a second language. "Standard" has been defined as: "What students should know and be able to do at the end of the process of the language study." The standards have been designed to meet the following purposes:

  • Acknowledge the value of both the content and skills that students lean through English.
  • Help teachers implement a significant curriculum in various ways.
  • Adopt the Performance-based assessment as a source for a reliable assessment.


The standard-based approach revolves around the following areas, called the 5 C’s:

  1. Communication: interpersonal, interpretive and presentational. It means to be able to communication using the target language in a written and oral form.
  2. Cultures: Learners gain knowledge and deeper understanding of their own culture and the target culture.
  3. Connections: Learners make connections with other subject areas.
  4. Comparison: learners gain awareness of both cross-cultural similarities and differences.
  5. Communities: Learners extend their learning experience from the English classroom to the outside world.

The five C’s are interconnected and inclusive. Through this approach teachers focus more particularly on the competences that students should acquire and develop, to attain the standards. The method is also about learning to learn. Therefore, the performance assessments focus on how well students can perform, to demonstrate their abilities and that they have attained the standards.


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