Teen Pregnancy: Facts + Prevention
Dealing with adolescents has never been an easy task. Whether you are a teacher or parent, you should know that adolescence is a very critical stage in the life of the learner. Adolescence signals changes in everything: the physical, emotional, and hormonal, personality formation, stress, depression, and so on. Going to high school is also a new phase in the adolescent life. Some take it seriously and embark on their high school journey in order to succeed, get high grades, and then get prepared for college. Others get into shallow and superficial relationships because they are still not fully mature and responsible. The consequence can very well include pregnancy.
Pregnancy rates for females all over the world (and especially in America) are increasing at unexpected rate. In general, developed countries experience the highest level of pregnancy. According to a 2001 UNICEF survey, in ten out of twelve developed nations with available data, more than two thirds of young people have had sexual intercourse while still in their teens. In Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the percentage is over 80% (Wikipedia.com). However, 20 to 60% of these pregnancies are unwanted.
Actions should be taken by parents, schools, educators, and authorities to prevent teenage pregnancy. I think a comprehensive sex education is the key to limiting this issue. Teenagers should be well-informed about the risks of such behavior. Parents should make their teens confident so that they can make confident and healthy decisions regarding their romantic relationships and sexuality. Concerning schools, they should organize sensitizing campaigns at schools, on TV, and internet as well as inform parents about this epidemic, so as to provide their teens with the necessary support. Finally, schools and parents should encourage and welcome all topics of conversations (even the taboos), in order to prevent many issues related to adolescence, such as the continuing issue of pregnancy.
*Image courtesy Flickr creative commons.