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parts of a lesson plan

Parts of a Lesson Plan 5 elements in Lesson Planning















Parts of a Lesson Plan are narrowed down to five (5) essential elements; although, everyone has their own lesson plan format that they use or feel comfortable with, and that’s great! It is important to ensure that all lesson plans include five elements to ensure a successful learning experience. These five are linking prior knowledge, engaging and educating, active learning, reflecting, and extending learning.

What do these elements include? We present 5 Parts of Lesson Plans:

Linking prior knowledge: This should be the first part of your lesson. This is where teachers can activate prior knowledge and make connections with students’ previous learned material. Examples of activities include KWL (know, want to know, learned) charts, graphic organizer, short video clip, a brief discussion, etc. Any activity that will help your students remember something they already learned or know will help ease the learning environment and help them feel comfortable learning something new.

Engaging and educating: This is the part of the lesson where the teacher introduces new information. Modeling, direct instruction, and concrete examples are essential. The teacher can do a whole group lesson in this section and engage all learners.

Active learning: In this part of the lesson, students are actively engaged in an activity the teacher has planned. It is important for students to work in groups or pairs so the activity is engaging and interactive. Games, role playing, writing with partners are some examples of activities that would be meaningful for this part of the lesson.



Reflecting: This is a key element in the lesson as students have the opportunity to think about what they have learned and either write or share orally what they have learned. Examples of reflecting activities include a quick write, think-pair-share, or a brief conversation with a partner.

Extending learning: It is always important to take the learning outside of the classroom. This part of the lesson provides students with the opportunity to see how their learning applies to the real world. This is also where teachers can link new knowledge with future learning. Examples include having students practice their new learning with someone at home or writing about how their learning can apply to other situations.

Lesson planning is key to a successful learning experience for all students. When these five elements are included in a lesson, the lesson flows and students are able to make connections to previous knowledge and future learning.

If you already use a lesson plan format, these five elements may already be embedded.  If not, just add them to your lesson.  When in doubt, take lessons in cloud computing and digitally organize your lesson plans and make them available to your students.

These five elements are sure to make you continue to develop your lesson plan skills, so that your lessons more engaging!

Ann Navarro

About Ann Navarro

Ann has teaching experience working with elementary students in the areas of bilingual education, dual language, English as a Second Language, and Reading. Ann holds a Masters Degree in Curriculum & Instruction with a Reading Specialist Concentration. She also has experience evaluating lesson plans for the Smithsonian Institution. In her spare time, Ann enjoys spending time with her family outdoors and reading.

Ann Navarro

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