Helping Your Students with ADHD
Teachers always face challenges with their students but what we are going to specifically talk about here are the kids who stare out the window, substituting the arc of a bird in flight for their math lesson, or the one who embraces their arts skills instead of paying attention in math class. These are students who exhibit the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Students who exhibit ADHD’s hallmark symptoms can be frustrating and frustrated. You know the brainpower is there, but they just can’t seem to focus on the material you’re working hard to deliver. Their behaviors also take time away from instruction and disrupt the class. How do you help such students to focus better in your class?
Your most effective tool in helping a student with ADHD is a positive attitude. Make the student your partner by saying, “Let’s figure out ways together to help you get your work done.” Assure the student that you’ll be looking for good behavior and quality work, and when you see it, reinforce it with immediate and sincere praise. Finally, look for ways to motivate a student with ADHD by offering rewards on a point or token system.
Seat a student with ADHD away from windows and the door and right in front of your desk (unless that would be a distraction for the student).
Give out your instructions one at a time and repeat as necessary. It is always better to work on the most difficult material early in the day. Use visuals like charts, pictures, and color coding or create outlines for note taking that organizes the information as you deliver it, hence helping the student in focusing and remembering.
Create a quiet area free of distractions for test-taking and quiet study. Give frequent short quizzes rather than long tests. Test the student with ADHD in the way he or she does best, whether that be orally or a fill in blanks.
List the activities of the lesson on the board. In opening the lesson, tell students what they’re going to learn and what your expectations are. Tell students exactly what materials they’ll need. Establish eye contact with any student who has ADHD. Assign your students easy and interesting homework and be specific about what you need them to do.
Dealing with students with ADHD is not going to be easy, but after all, good things never come the easy way. These key instructions may help you optimize your teaching procedure and thus, help your students in understanding and learning in your classroom.