Create Lesson Plans Using Background Knowledge, Learning Style and Ability
In every classroom, no two students are alike. They all learn at a different pace and have different learning needs. Teachers must create lesson plans that meet all of the different student needs. The best way to achieve this is to know as much as possible about each student before creating lesson plans to make sure that all of their needs are met so that all students benefit from the lesson and gain new knowledge. Background knowledge, learning styles and abilities are ways to differentiate students and meet their individual needs.
Using the student’s background knowledge and culture or community knowledge is extremely beneficial and important since people relate best when they relate to things they already know. There are times when a teacher is placed in a classroom of students from a farming community. This means that lesson plans will be more beneficial if they are created around a farming community topic. For example if you are teaching a unit on biology, using farm animals will be extremely beneficial because the kids are already familiar with farm animals.
If the classroom is in the city and the students are unfamiliar with farm animals or anything to do with a farm it would be extremely confusing to create lesson plans around animals on the farm without first teaching the students how things work on a farm.
There are students who sometimes do not have a good grasp of the English language, or they might understand it verbally but struggle with written language. It is important to know how to build lesson plans they can learn from. Some of the best lesson plans for students who are learning English are those what relate to their culture and provide visual aids along with translations throughout the lesson plans.
Every student has a different learning style. Knowing what styles the kids in the classroom have helps the teacher build assessments and lessons that will reach the students. If a class is full of kids who are kinesthetic learners a reading project will be a failure. Each lesson should have provisions to meet all types of learners needs because it is rare to have a classroom that is all kinesthetic.
To sum it all up, teachers must know the background of their students, their different learning styles and abilities before creating lesson plans because the plans need to be created so they are beneficial to all students. We are not a cookie cutter society and lessons need to vary to meet students many diverse needs.
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About Kim Miller
I am a single mom of two sons, 15 and 18 years old. I also have an 8 month old grandson. I recently earned my BA in Elementary Education and am working toward an MA in Elementary Education. I love working with children and watching them learn.